The immune system is your defence force against foreign invaders to the body. It is designed to detect and destroy potential threats to the body before they create too much damage. An autoimmune disease occurs when the immune system becomes confused and redirects its hostile attack towards your own body cells, resulting in tissue and organ destruction.


There are more than 80 different types of autoimmune disease. While the causes for many autoimmune diseases are not well defined, modern theories suggest that a genetic predisposition along with an environmental trigger result in the immune pathways that lead to tissue destruction.


The complexity of potential causes, widespread inflammation and therefore diagnosis of autoimmune disease creates a sometimes overwhelming challenge for efficient treatment or cure. In other words, there is no one-size-fits-all solution for autoimmune disease.  To try and relieve symptoms alone, with anti-inflammatory or immunosuppressive drugs, can only lead to the generation of a new set of health issues in the future. The personal experience of an autoimmune disease can impact the entire body and it’s capacity to function.  A wholistic approach is required to meet the challenges of autoimmune disease head on and functional medicine can provide this.

What is Naturopathic Medicine

Functional medicine has become a somewhat new phrase that describes how holistic medicine practitioners such as naturopaths and herbalists have been practising for centuries. Rather than focus on the name or official diagnosis of the disease or which body system it belongs to, wholistic practitioners take a more global approach. To define the root causes of the disease process a persons’ genetic predisposition, constitution, environment, diet, life experiences, toxic exposures both physical and emotional are considered. The complex web of drivers that lead to whole body imbalance showing up as a particular disease process become the foundations for the treatment process.

Autoimmune Profile Diagram
Autoimmune Disease Profiling Tool
There are some key areas of health and potential triggers that must be addressed in order to manage or restore a healthy immune response:


  1. Check for stealth infections like yeast, viruses, bacteria, or parasites.
  2. Investigate gut health, microbiome diversity, digestion and food intolerances or allergies.
  3. Detect or define any potential toxic burdens such as heavy metals, pesticides, chemicals, solvents, inhalants, drugs or radiation which have been associated with increased autoimmune disease prevalence, disturbed gut barrier function or nutritional deficiencies.
  4. Stress, both physical and emotional can be a trigger or driver for chronic inflammation and poor immune regulation.
  5. A collaborative approach between therapists, practitioners, doctors, specialists, family and other support networks.

A functional health approach seeks to ask why the inflammation is occurring in the first place and how that inflammation and immune system can be better regulated to resolve the destructive process of autoimmunity. Obstacles to health need to be identified and removed, while the body is stimulated towards it’s natural ability to heal. There are various nutrients foods, supplements and herbal medicines that may be beneficial to nourish and regulate immune system behaviour. Talk to a naturopath or functional medicine practitioner to find the wholistic approach that best suits you.

Your sense of wellbeing is determined by a complex web of experiences that influences how you feel each day. Working from home requires a recalibration of your thoughts and behaviours as the boundaries become blurred between work and play. Simply shifting the work environment and behaviours to the home without redefining the boundaries can result in reduced productivity, increased stress, exhaustion, mental health issues, insomnia, anxiety, relationship troubles, and negative changes to your health.

Working from home
Wellbeing at home

Many years ago I started a business from home. I thought this was going to be the best way to set my self up with plans to also start a family in years to come. It was so exciting to be a new “entrepreneur”, starting my own life, my own business, getting to be in charge of how and when I spent my time, making my own decisions. I was excited to be the “boss of me”. The dream was alive.

I got off to a great start. I worked day and night getting set up, fuelled by excitement for my future. Frustration would set in when my husband would get home from work and want to “hang out” for hours. Wasn’t dinner enough? To me, at the time, this was a distraction from my dream and my goals. I didn’t have time for that! I was a start-up! Multi-tasking was my M.O. Eating while sending e-mails or doing research and taking calls at all hours or weekends because I wanted to “be there” for my clients.

Soon enough the tell tale signs of  poor self-management, structure and routine started to show. Tasks that should have only taken an hour, could easily take up half a day, the hours worked didn’t equate to the funds in the bank, and my husband and I were barely communicating. I gained weight that was hard to shift, and eventually found myself struggling to get up in the morning. Partly from exhaustion and partly from a lack of motivation. The potential of my business had died right along with my dreams, and wellbeing.

Deflated, I went back to working for someone else, in a shop front and sucked on those sour lemons for a while. In time though, the lessons I had to experience in order to learn, became crystal clear. Since I figured out the success foundations for working form home, the idea of going back to a location specific life is no longer appealing.

Whether you work for an organisation or work for yourself, working from home can offer the benefits of flexibility, improved efficiency, tax benefits, reduced business overheads, better nutrition,  and a better work life balance. To achieve and sustain these things there are some important considerations to negotiate.

Here are four core foundations to set yourself up for a successful home-work life and long term wellbeing.

  1. Routine
  2. Boundaries
  3. Communication
  4. Remember Who You Are


Having a good routine means scheduling non-negotiable times for the important stuff.

Eat & Hydrate Well. Set a routine that works for you and your nutritional needs and stick to it. Set alarms if you need reminders through the day. Eg. On workdays,  take your meals at the same time each day. Allocate a specific time for your meals and snacks throughout the day, and give yourself time away from the desk or work space to eat mindfully and chew your food well. 

Plan your weeks worth of meals ahead, so that there are no excuses for poor eating behaviours or unhealthy snacking. This way you can have nutritious meals at your fingertips. To help you on your way, check out this healthy eating habits checklist from Louise Ellen Nutrition.

Stay Active. Schedule your exercise time for 30 minutes each day of your work week. Pick a time and stick to it. Put it in your diary, block out your appointment/meeting calendar for that time each day, turn off your phone or notifications for that time. Set an alarm to go off 10 minutes before the scheduled exercise time, to alert you to wrap up your task for that session.

Connect with People daily. When working from home, it’s easy to get caught up in your tasks and flow and forget to nurture human (or pet) connections, or become irritated by interruptions. Make it clear in your household or family, when you will start and finish work tasks, and when you will take breaks for conversations to be had. This can be a bit trickier with young kids and toddlers, but I find the more you create a routine around spending quality time with your kids, the better they understand the boundaries.

If you live alone, it’s important to schedule dates with friends, family, pets or colleagues each day. Whether by phone, video or face to face. It could be something like a morning walk together, a quick face-time chat at lunch time, or a phone check in while you make dinner.  Put it in your diary to do everyday until it becomes a habit!

Sleep. Set a wind-down alarm, about an hour before your planned bed time, so you can start turning off screens, dimming lights and start your sleep hygiene routine. Plan to rise at the same time each day, to help your body get into a good rythm. Getting regular, adequate sleep is essential to your health, well being and productivity.


Setting boundaries means deciding what works for you first.

What do you need in terms of time to complete a task, rest, play, sleep, connect with others etc?

Which parts of your day are sacred, and need to be uninterrupted?

Who are you willing to invest your time with and who do you need to say “No” to?

What fits in with your ideal work:life ratio and what does not?

How can you create rules and defined guidelines around what is best for you?

Make the boundaries clear to everyone in your household and virtual office/business space.

Some tips for Healthy Boundaries When Working from Home

  • No work related conversations can occur once you cross the bedroom door threshold.
  • The kitchen table is for eating and family or friendship communication. Not project management and packaging products.
  • Voicemail kicks in from 5pm as does your email responder so you can feel free of work outside of your business hours.
  • Bed time is 9:30pm during the week.
  • Have specific “work clothes” and home/fun clothes.
  • Keep your work zones and leisure zones seperate. Ie. Avoid working on couch in front of the TV.
  • Don’t take your laptop to bed with you.


This foundation is about telling others what you are thinking and planning, so they can support your plans. If you don’t let your family or household know that you have changed your schedule on a particular day and plan to work late, their could be issues with mismatched goals or intentions. If your partner is planning to cook you dinner on Monday night and you have planned to attend a webinar, their could be disappointment and frustration if you both only discover this at the last minute. Not great for mental health!

Remember who you are

Are you a person who thrives on strict routine and structure, or one of those people that prefers a more free floating, and at the same time productive go with the flow kind of day? Likely there are many personality traits and personal preferences that are not easy or sustainable to change. It’s important to know your strengths and work to them, rather than trying to enforce actions and behaviours that don’t suit you.

Do you enjoy technology, stationary and your work desk, or do you prefer nature time? If you don’t do well in confined spaces, is there potential for you to work outdoors? Maybe you could schedule daily nature time to bring the best of both worlds together.

Are you a foodie? Planning to eat a banana sandwich every day for convenience is soon going to do your head in! Working from home gives you the opportunity to set aside a time to meal plan, choose some new recipes to try and food prep. Think of all the time you save on commuting too and from work, and on grocery shopping when you can order online. You can use that saved time to meal prep and plan tasty and exciting meals and snacks for the week.

Maybe you thrive on sports and fitness? Great – plan for it. You can work around whatever you need! All you need to do is decide, schedule it, set boundaries and communicate your plans with those that matter or who are affected.

In other words, don’t force something that isn’t your style or M.O. Find your way to work within these four foundations, and you can enjoy success and wellbeing while working from home.

Maintaining a sense of wellbeing when working from home is a wholistic process. Remember to also include the ergonomics of your work space, ventilation, lighting, etc. Your achievement of a balanced life needs you to take the time to consider what makes you comfortable and happy in mind, body and soul and set your foundations around this.

The world is an uncertain place at the moment, and for many of us, this not only means a dramatic change to our normal routine, but also a realisation that there may be some things we were not prepared for.  Maybe you found yourself questioning how well prepared your body is to fight infection should it come your way. It is increasingly important to also remember that it is not just the immune system we should be worrying about, but also our response and resilience to long term stress. 

The “distress” created by recent events and the subsequent disruption it has caused should not be underestimated, nor brushed aside. In fact, stress has the capacity to unravel efficiency of your immune system defenses leaving you weakened in the face of viral and bacterial invasion. The secret to staying well is building a strong, healthy immune system AND keeping your stress response in check.

Your immune system is your “department of defense’. It protects you from potentially harmful invaders by recognizing and responding to them as a threat. In optimal condition, the immune system acts like a powerful, well-regulated army consisting of multiple specialised white blood cells. There are several naturally derived medicines and nutrients that can nourish and strengthen your immune system “army” to ensure they are in their best form possible if and when action is required.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C increases the activity of infection fighting white blood cells, and can inhibit viral growth to reduce the incidence of the common cold. Vitamin C has been shown to be most effective when given with other nutrients such as zinc. (1)

Vitamins A & D

Vitamin D enhances immune system surveillance and may reduce viral growth. It is beneficial in reducing upper respiratory tract infections and may be of particular supportive benefit for people with asthma. (2,3) 

Vitamin A is anti-inflammatory, enhances immune function and nourishes and supports the lining of the respiratory tract. 


Zinc is crucial for the normal development and function of white blood cells (aka the immune army). It is also an important ingredient in the production of antibodies which help build immune memory to protect you against similar infections in the future. Inadequate levels of zinc  in the body can dramatically reduce your ability to fight bacteria and viruses. 

Zinc supplementation has been shown to reduce the severity and duration of colds and sore throat. (4)

Japanese Mushrooms

Shitake, Reishi, Coriolus & Grifola have immune enhancing effects by stimulating the activity of protective white blood cells. These mushroom extracts can be used both to support the treatment of acute infections as well as be taken as a daily remedy for chronic immune weakness, to maintain good health. 

Andrographis paniculata

This herb has a long history of use for viral and bacterial infections. Andrographis is beneficial in treating cold symptoms including sneezing, runny nose, nasal congestion, sore throat, hoarseness, chill, headache and fever. 

Astragalus membranaceus

Astragalus has been used for centuries to support healthy immune function. It is effective for building immune resilience in people who have had chronic or long term infections. 

Echinacea spp. 

Echinacea species have been widely studied for their benefits in supporting the immune system and reducing the symptoms of cold and flu. Specific compounds (alkylamides) found in quality standardised echinacea extracts have been shown to enhance immune activity and suppress the inflammatory responses of lung and respiratory tract cells to viruses and bacteria. 

It is not enough to rely on just taking supplements to support your immune system and keep you healthy, fit and strong. When you are stressed, your ability to fight off infections is reduced. This is because hormones released in the body when you are stressed, can suppress your immune and diminish the activity of your white blood cells. 

Simple and effective ways to nourish your nervous system, manage your stress response and improve your immune system at the same time include:

  • Eat a diet high in colorful fruits and vegetables.
  • Avoid sugars, white flour (bread, pasta, biscuits, cakes etc.) and excess alcohol.
  • Schedule time each day for relaxation and leisure.
  • Exercise regularly. 
  • Increase water intake to 6-8 glasses per day. 
  • Get enough sleep : 7-8 hours per night.
  • Supplement your diet with recommended nutrients and herbs.

Prevention is better than cure

See your practitioner before you get sick, to help you find the best way to support your specific needs. If you have a chronic illness or medical condition, it’s important not to neglect the routines and treatments that help you manage your condition and prevent flare ups. Just because everyone is talking about the immune system right now, doesn’t mean that your other pre-existing health concerns are not important. In fact, if you have a long standing health concern, it is even more important to focus some attention to sorting this out, so you can keep yourself in the best condition possible throughout these uncertain times. 

(1)Vitamin C Is an Essential Factor on the Anti-viral Immune Responses through the Production of Interferon-α/β at the Initial Stage of Influenza A Virus (H3N2) Infection


(3)Vitamin D supplementation to prevent asthma exacerbations: a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data.

(4)Does zinc improve symptoms of viral upper respiratory tract… : Evidence-Based Practice

(5)Applications of the Phytomedicine Echinacea purpurea (Purple Coneflower) in Infectious Diseases(6)Stress Weakens the Immune System

fish oil supplement omega 3

Omega 3 Fatty Acids from fish, flaxseeds, walnuts, chia seeds, marine algae are commonly recommended as nutrients that help with brain function, mood disorders, behavioural issues, and most commonly, for reducing the risks associated with heart disease. In Australia, fish oil supplements are the most commonly taken supplement over all others.

Recently there has been some debate (read more here) about whether fish oil supplements have any impact on lowering heart disease risk. Some of these articles paint a picture of fish oil supplementation as a waste of money. I agree.

Fish oil supplements are a waste of time and money in the following cases: 

  • Poor quality, low grade supplements which are oxidised, and may contain contaminants such as plastics, heavy metals and PCB’s.
  • Supplements without Vitamin E. An antioxidant which helps to stabilise the fish oil and prevent the it from becoming pro-inflammatory rather than an anti-inflammatory agent.
  • Not enough EPA/DHA to have an effect. Some supplements contain very little of the active components of fish oil. Studies for lowering blood fats and reducing arthritis pain recommend 2 grams of EPA/DHA per day. Taking below this amount could be likened to taking ¼ of a Panadol and expecting pain relief. The benefits of omega 3 supplementation are dependent on taking the right amount of EPA and DHA, for long enough, and absorbing it well. [A test called the Omega 3 Index, can measure how well you are absorbing omega 3’s]
  • Rancid Oils. Fish oil supplements should not have a fishy smell or taste. This is a sign the oil has oxidised or gone rancid. Oils in this state do more harm than good.

The condemning studies don’t tell the whole story.

The studies that have driven the recent backlash on fish oils are suggesting that there is little if any measurable benefit to taking fish oil as a preventative measure to reduce the risk of heart disease or cardiovascular events. The reference for this information was a systematic review of 79 randomised trials with over 110 thousand people. (Read more here) However, only 25 of the studies were assessed as trustworthy in their design and how they were conducted.  Some of the studies included only “healthy” people, while others included people with pre-existing illnesses. Thus, the questions to the weight of information in this review, remain:

  • What type of omega 3 supplements were used in these studies?
  • What strength and ratio of EPA/DHA was used?
  • Were the people in the study also consuming trans fats?
  • Did all the participants still have their gall bladders intact, as this would influence their absorption of any fats, omega 3 or otherwise?
  • Did the participants also already consume oily fish or other omega 3 supplements?
  • Did all the participants have measurable omega 3, EPA & DHA in their blood stream? ie was their omega index above 8 %.?

Well founded benefits of Fish Oil Supplementation

This review did suggest some benefits for fish oil supplementation. Findings confirmed that:

  • Fish oil supplements can reduce blood fats, and cholesterol.
  • While the study didn’t show benefit for people with no previous risk of heart disease, there is a positive role for omega 3 intake through fish consumption for people with a history of cardiovascular issues or risk.
  • Fish oil does reduce the risk of premature birth (less than 34 weeks) by 42%. Supplementation in pregnancy may be beneficial as consumption of oily fish could be a risk for mercury.

Other well designed, trustworthy and recent studies also indicate:

  • Higher total omega 3 and DHA blood levels are associated with improved gut microbiome diversity. Aka., a good variety of healthy gut bugs.
  • Omega 3 can reduce leaky gut and gastrointestinal inflammation.
  • EPA & DHA from fish oil reduces the brain plaque formation which occurs in Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Omega 3’s may have benefits in allergic diseases in babies and children.
  • Insulin sensitivity and diabetes risk factors can be modified through omega 3 intake.
  • Arthritis pain may be modified and quality of life improved with omega 3 supplementation.

Just eating real food is a good rule of thumb guide to stay well. Avoiding processed foods, cigarettes, alcohol and getting a minimum of 7 hours sleep per night are also known to support healthy ageing. Eating enough, high quality fish, with low contaminant levels is a challenge that people face today. Some people dislike fish, are allergic or intolerant, or are at risk for heavy metal/mercury toxicity.

There is a valuable place for the use of high quality, pure, filtered and unoxidized fish oil supplements. Side effects are rare and minimal. Fish oil may contribute to reflux for some individuals, or cause loose bowels. High doses of fish oil may thin the blood, which means those on warfarin or other blood thinning medication should be closely monitored by their doctor.  These are easily manageable effects. Considering that statin medications (cholesterol lowering drugs) are the most commonly prescribed drugs in the world, and are known to have many side effects and limited effect, there is merit to trying quality fish oil supplements at a therapeutic dose, first. Four out of five Australians do not meet the recommended daily requirement for omega 3 intake. An omega 3 index above 8% is desirable.    

The Bottom Line

Everyone is unique in their needs, body type and circumstances. There is no one size fix all approach. If you take fish oil supplements, but drink alcohol in excess, sleep less than 6 hours per night, and smoke, then it won’t matter how much fish oil you take, you will still be at high risk of a stroke. An individual and tailored approach is always the most effective which is why its best to get professional advice from a practitioner who can factor in your entire health story and create a customized plan.

If you aren’t sure whether you want to start taking fish oil supplements, stop taking them or change the type and dose, an Omega 3 Index test can help define what your body needs.

“Taking fish oil won’t save you from the damaging effects of a daily meat pie and coca cola habit”. (Anne-Marie)

Inflammation has been depicted as the evil tyrant behind all chronic disease. The inflammatory process is well documented as being the driver behind tissue damage, cell destruction, illness and dysfunction. Inflammation is listed as an underlying cause of heart disease, cancer, obesity, diabetes, asthma, arthritis, Alzheimer’s, depression, Parkinson’s. But what if inflammation had a good side? What if, like most things in nature there is a “good twin” to keep the “evil twin” in check. A yin to it’s yang, if you will.

What is inflammation?

When you damage a muscle or joint, like twisting your ankle, it becomes swollen, sore and bruised. This inflammatory response is critical to the process of repair. It may not be fun, but if nothing else, it prevents you from continuing what you were doing so that you don’t do any further damage to that tissue. By allowing fluid and increased blood flow (aka swelling, redness, bruising) to the injured area, the body can direct its own first aid team to the site where a response is required. Without this initial inflammatory response the injury may never heal.

Inflammation, good or bad?

Understanding inflammation requires us to consider how long the response has been going on, and how intensely the response endures. It is the intensity and duration that determines whether inflammation is disease causing (pathological) or simply a healthy and accurate response from the body to a specific situation (physiological).

Consider inflammation like a camp fire. A small, well contained camp fire can cook a steak to perfection. An uncontrolled camp fire, can turn into a bush fire that decimates the entire campsite. In other words “good” inflammation is the efficient house-keeping kind. The house-keeping style of inflammation turns up on time, does the clean up job efficiently, then leaves the premises without fanfare and goes home to rest and restore. Inflammation that goes unchecked, for too long and has a party while it’s hanging around, can lead to disease.

Similarly, not enough inflammation can also be problematic. If there is no house-keeping, things can get messy. Tissues won’t repair, the immune system will go on strike and the house will start to crumble. This can often be seen in people on immune suppressant medications.

It’s all about finding the balance

Ideally, for optimal health, we want balance. We want inflammation to play nicely on the see-saw and not put on too much weight. Unfortunately, as we age, and with repeated insult to the body an accumulation process can occur. This is an example of when inflammation starts to “put on too much weight”, keeping the see-saw permanently tipped in it’s favour. This type of slow, accumulating inflammation (inflammaging) is thought to be the underlying cause of chronic disease. Some of this tipping towards inflammation is an inevitable part of ageing, but, much of it is a consequence of unhealthy diet and lifestyle.

Taking charge of inflammation

The good news is that we all have some control over the switch or dial that moves the inflammation see-saw. We can slow inflammaging by minimising triggers and helping the body move back to balance. Instead of focusing on constantly trying to dial down inflammation, there are ways to retrain the body to switch it off.

Most pharmaceutical medications such as pain killers and anti-inflammatory drugs do a great job of suppressing pain. Chronic pain sufferers describe their treatments as pain management. Pain relief or analgesic medications such as paracetamol, codeine, and other opiate based medications block the pathways that send pain signals to the brain. Most anti-inflammatory medications work by blocking the production of inflammatory compounds in the body. The problem here is that this also blocks the signals for the body to resolve the causes of the inflammation. In effect, anti-inflammatory medications can slow down or inhibit tissue healing, repair and house-keeping.

To reduce pain AND promote tissue healing and repair we need to do three things.

  1. Remove the underlying causes and drivers of pain and inflammation.
  2. Retrain the body how to resolve or switch off the inflammation at the right time.
  3. Give the body what it needs, the building blocks, to heal and repair tissues, cells and systems.

Secondary to a health giving diet and lifestyle, certain nutrients and plant extracts in medicinal doses, can be very effective in reducing pain, repairing damage and restoring energy and vitality. Nutrients like essential fatty acids from high quality fish oils, magnesium, zinc and vitamin C are vitally important. Probiotics and spices such as turmeric and cinnamon and plants such as broccolini and medicinal mushrooms can all be used as targeted therapies in various types of inflammation.

Most of us need help and support to understand what type of inflammation is happening in our own body and what to do about it. If you are tired of dealing with inflammation and pain, or would like to slow down the ageing process and prevent chronic illness, get in touch for a personalized approach to wellness.

Naturopath appointments are available in Darwin, Northern Territory, or online from anywhere in Australia.

What type of exercise is best for hypothyroid, hashimoto's or underactive thyroid

People who suffer with hypothyroidism or hashimoto’s disease often report that exercise is difficult due to fatigue or tiredness. Others with hypothyroidism or sub-clinical hypothyroidism(TSH greater than 4.0 with T4 and T3 within the reference range), increase exercise in an attempt to better manage their weight. A common message I hear from patients who are overweight or obese, is that exercising more and eating less is not helping them achieve their desired weight. Understanding the interplay of thyroid hormones, stress hormones, oxidative stress, inflammation and the type of exercise chosen is important. Choosing the right type of exercise, implemented correctly is critical to enjoying the benefits and avoiding making things worse.

Why should I exercise?

Reduce Metabolic Syndrome:

An increasing body of research indicates that people with an underactive thyroid or suboptimal thyroid hormone levels are at an increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome. This is particularly the case when a woman enters menopause. Metabolic syndrome is the term for a cluster of conditions relating to heart disease and diabetes. High blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol levels are the conditions which increase a person’s risk of heart attack or stroke.

It is widely accepted that exercise is beneficial for reducing metabolic syndrome, heart disease and diabetes risk.  Additionally studies on women with subclinical hypothyroidism, who participated in exercise training for 6 months showed remarkable improvements in blood vessel function, inflammation, cholesterol and blood fats compared to sedentary women. (1)

If you are female with hypothyroidism or subclinical hypothyroidism and your waist circumference is above 80 cm, it is important to include regular exercise as part of your self-care routine to prevent further health issues down the track.

Exercise for hypothyroidism
Why exercise
underactive thyroid
Improve Thyroid Hormone Production:

What is recently becoming more apparent is that exercise can also influence the thyroid gland’s production of hormones. Even when already treated with thyroid hormone replacement such as thyroxine, exercise is important.  Medium intensity exercise for one hour daily for 3 months has the capacity to decrease weight and waist measurements, and improve all thyroid hormone measurements favorably.  (3)

Improve Quality of Life:

A randomized trial including women with subclinical hypothyroidism showed significiant improvements in functional capacity, general health, emotional and mental health after 16 weeks of aerobic exercise training. For this study, the women completed 60 minutes of bike riding or treadmill walking three times per week for 16 weeks. (2)

Wipe out brain fog:

Would you like to improve energy levels, brain function and learning ability? These are all symptoms of an underactive thyroid that can be improved by exercise in as little as 4 weeks. A study was done on hypothyroid rats,  measured learning ability, lethargy and recovery after exercise. The conclusions of the study were that in four weeks, all types of exercise improved symptoms significantly, and anaerobic exercise in particular was the most valuable.  High intensity interval training, weight training, tabata workouts and sprints are all types of anaerobic exercise.

Note: yes, the study was on rats, but correlations with human subjects can be found in similar studies. Also, you don’t have to workout at an elite level to get results. In fact the research shows that slowly building your exercise capacity is important rather than going hard straight up. An experienced personal trainer or exercise physiologist is the best person to help you implement a training program suitable for your needs. Pick someone who can help you grow at an appropriate pace for your current state of health.

What type of exercise is helpful?

Aerobic and Anaerobic exercise is helpful. Most of the research is done using treadmills or exercise bikes in controlled environments for the purposes of accuracy. However it’s important to find the right exercise for you. It needs to be something you will enjoy, so you can make it part of your lifestyle long term. The exercise also needs to be physically manageable. Maybe you don’t want to start running if you have dodgy knees, and don’t cope well with the heat. Swimming could be a better option if you have back issues or joint pain. The key factors are doing enough, consistently, and combining both aerobic and anaerobic activities. In other words include a combination of cardio and weights or resistance training.  The cardio training to help improve heart muscle function and stamina and the weight or resistance training to build muscle, strengthen bones and support a healthy metabolism.

The studies show that anything from 60 minutes three times per week to 60 minutes daily can be beneficial. Again, it’s important to find a routine that suits your body, that you can sustain long term and that you will enjoy. From interval training, to yoga, belly dancing or walking – there is something suitable out there for you. The choices are endless. Just pick one and move your body regularly!

Is there a type of exercise I should avoid?

Basically any exercise that you do that causes strong inflammation, distress, or that you don’t enjoy should be swapped for something more appropriate to you. The idea is to push yourself enough to get out and move your body and stimulate gradual improvement in your health and hormones over time.  Deciding to start training to run a marathon in 8 weeks time when you have never run before, would be a bad idea. Similarly being sedentary can be just as inflammatory and damaging to your body.

Extreme types of exercise in someone who is not well adapted or trained for it can cause more problems.  In a study looking at the effects of oxidative stress – 19 out of 40 patients with subclinical hypothyroidism showed a relationship between high levels of oxidative stress and the progression to hashimoto’s thyroiditis.

Overtraining, or intense and excessive exercise can lead to a raised cortisol levels and increased oxidative stress. This can be counterproductive for weight loss, autoimmune disease and thyroid health. High cortisol levels may encourage fat gain around the middle, sleep disturbances, digestive problems and depression and memory problems. All the things people with thyroid problems are trying to avoid or treat!

These are some signs of overtraining:
  • Feeling ill after exercise or catching colds or flus frequently
  • Losing muscle mass, or constantly tearing or straining muscles.
  • Needing to sleep or feeling constantly exhausted after exercise.
  • Gaining fat around the waist.

Instead of trying to fit in 6 or 7 days of high intensity sessions – pace yourself. Intersperse your more intense training sessions with something more restorative like yoga or walking.

If you are motivated to train a bit harder, already compete at an elite level or want to achieve a particular goal that may push your limits, there are foods, nutrients and lifestyle practices that can help reduce the impacts of oxidative stress and inflammation on your body. Having a qualified health practitioner well versed in nutrition, antioxidants, adrenal and thyroid function is recommended.

Take home message:

The right type of exercise will help improve your health.

Appropriate exercise is good for thyroid health, hormone production and immune health. It has the capacity to improve energy, day to day functional capacity, brain fog, memory, concentration and coordination, pain scores, mood, mental health, and weight.  Exercise can reduce some of the long term risk of thyroid disease including heart disease, stroke, diabetes, osteoporosis and even some cancers. Don’t be disheartened if your weight on the scales isn’t changing some of the benefits are not easily visible. Exercise is not something to give up on!

Find a balance of both cardio and resistance training.

A mixture of both cardio and strength training is important to get the best overall results for your health. If you haven’t exercised before, or haven’t trained for a while, it’s important to start slow and build up gradually as your fitness improves. Get some help from a qualified and experienced trainer or exercise physiologist to get you started and keep you motivated for the long term. Whatever you choose needs to be effective and sustainable for the long term. Aim for at least 60 minutes three times per week or the equivalent of this as a minimum.

Re-assess regularly and ask for help.

There is no one-size fits all plan for success, however there are a few fundamentals that are key to every person. Eat and live for success. Avoid a diet and lifestyle that puts more stress on your body, get a good 8 hours sleep each night and surround yourself with supportive and positive people. Self-assess and reassess regularly and ask for help.

As someone who has been through Hashimoto’s and out the other side, I have made a few mistakes along the way, and learned many lessons too. If you’d like to know how to avoid the mistakes I made, and enjoy life on your terms again, get in touch for a holistic naturopathic consultation.

It’s no secret that there are hundreds of toxins our bodies are exposed to everyday.  The body does a pretty good job of being vigilant and actively working to deactivate and remove many toxins on a daily basis. However, there are some that are particularly persistent and unfortunately ever-increasing numbers and types of toxins in our environment mean that the body can at times become overwhelmed. Some of the most detrimental impacts of toxins are on our hormones.

Toxins that interfere with hormones are known as endocrine disruptors. 

An endocrine disruptor can interfere with any body tissue that is governed by hormones.  This can create the kind of cellular chaos that may be associated with infertility, cancerous tumours, birth defects and other developmental disorders.  Signs that your body may be challenged by hormone disruption include, painful or heavy periods, infertility or miscarriage, cystic breasts or ovaries, endometriosis or fibroids, acne, fatigue, reduced libido, early puberty, and for men, enlarged prostate or male breasts.

According to the Environmental Working Group (a non-profit, non-partisan organization dedicated to protecting human health and the environment), there are at least 12 serious offenders.  Here are 5 of the most potent endocrine disrupting chemicals you should aim to avoid.

·       BPA – found in recyclable plastics, and canned foods.

·        Phthalates – in plastic food containers, children’s toys, plastic food wrap, personal care products and fragrances.

·        Fire retardants – in protective clothing, furniture, foam, carpets, insulation.

·       Perfluorinated chemicals – non -stick cookware, stain and water-resistant clothing, furniture, carpets.

·       Organophosphates – widely used in pesticides and insecticides. (check here for things that might be under your kitchen sink or in your garden shed, like mortein!)

detox, juicing, vege juice, vegetable juices, hormone detox

Aside from reducing exposure to hormone disrupting chemicals, we can also assist our body to detox or cleanse it’s hormonal systems. Nature’s helpers include:

  • Cruciferous vegetables
  • Green Tea
  • Flaxseeds
  • Globe artichokes
  • Lemon/Limes
  • Turmeric
  • Garlic
  • Rosemary

Choose organic where possible, and include one to two servings of at least three of these foods in your diet every day. A great way to boost detoxification is to include organic cold pressed vegetable and fruit juices including these ingredients and others.

To assist the body in getting rid of waste, it’s critical that all the detox organs are working at their best.  Sweating, dry skin brushing, sauna, colonics, massage, yoga and drinking plenty of filtered water are all helpful.

If you are concerned that your body has become overwhelmed by toxins or that you have signs of hormonal disruption, naturopathic medicine can offer a wholistic approach to help you feel good again, and trust your hormones to do what they are supposed to.  Get in touch or book in for your complimentary discovery call to make a start on finding the best solutions.

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One of the common complaints I hear when I ask patients why they have come to see me is, “my hormones are all out of whack!” Often they come to me after they’ve already tried dieting to lose weight, tried libido tonics to feel sexy again, taken a bit of St John’s Wort or Chaste tree here and there to help with PMS.  Some women have gone through many different types of contraceptive pills just to see if they could balance their hormones or regulate their periods. Women in particular are at their wits end trying to figure out what their bodies are trying to tell them, and what they can do about it. Let’s look at what hormones are, what their job is in the body and why they can sometimes get out of balance.

Hormones are chemical messengers in the body. They are produced in the endocrine glands and are transported in blood or other body fluids to tissues to control things like hunger, sex drive, metabolism, fertility and mood. Hormones can influence thirst, sleep, energy and the way we respond to different situations and tolerate stress.

Hormones maintain a high level of expert communication with one another to maintain a delicate balance and activity level of the endocrine glands. If one hormone speaks out of turn, too loudly, or too softly, the entire communication system can fall apart. This can lead to other organs in the endocrine system missing out on proper instruction or doing their own thing and running their own agenda. There are so many processes and corrections needed to maintain proper function that constant vigilance by the body’s hormonal regulation systems is required. Sometimes, when there is overload or stress on the body, these regulation systems can become distracted and dysfunction can occur.

Take Lily for example. Lily was enjoying the good life. She had recently married, had a career she enjoyed and was expecting her first child. Lily was feeling great during her pregnancy, but the birth was another story altogether. After the birth of her son, Lily haemorrhaged and lost a lot of blood. While she recovered well, all things considered, Lily’s body had to make some quick assessments and changes during that crisis. You see the body is designed to maintain a certain level of balance. It is very good at prioritising critical needs. Lily’s body decided that some processes need to be turned off and toned down in order to preserve energy and aid recovery. So, instead of ramping up the hormone that stimulate milk production after birth, these hormones were toned down. Lily’s body had determined that she didn’t have the resources to sustain feeding a baby, so it held off her milk supply. Lily also found it difficult to lose weight after the birth, and started to gain weight again. She did her best to exercise and eat well, but her weight was slowly rising.

Stress, whether it is physical or emotional, if severe, or prolonged can place a huge load on a person’s hormonal regulation system and create a series of unfortunate events. The compensatory measures that the body puts in place sometimes become so complex that it is difficult to see where exactly the problem began and where to start work on fixing it. I see patients with heavy and painful periods or unexpected weight gain not knowing where or how it all began. Medicating this without looking at the full story, promises only a short term fix if anything.

To regain health it is important to dig deeper and investigate where, when or how the body got out of whack. Working in reverse to uncover the causes, re-calibrate and re-establish a good communication network for the body’s messenger system is essential. It is possible, once the causes are identified and managed, to get hormones back into balance, fit back into clothes from your mid 20’s and trust your body to do what it is supposed to do again. Work with me

Some of the reasons your hormones could get out of whack, or have trouble returning to baseline include:


There are certain toxins we may be exposed to on a day to day basis which can disturb hormone function. These toxins are known as endocrine disruptors. They can mimic, block or potentially alter the hormonal systems in the body. Toxins known as xenoestrogens are chemicals in our environment, that when taken into the body can imitate oestrogen. This can mean that your body exhibits symptoms of excess oestrogen due to what is coming in externally, rather than what your body is making. Xenoestrogens affect both male and female reproductive systems. In males there is evidence that xenoestrogens alter sperm quality, number and may affect fertility. Sources of xenoestrogens include plastics, chemicals, pesticides, tap water, shampoos, lotions, soaps, toothpastes, sunscreens, styrofoam cups, takeaway containers, food additives, tinned foods. Yes, endocrine disruptors are everywhere! Our best solution is to minimise our exposure and ensure our detoxification system is in peak condition

Some patients with heavy or painful periods report significant changes after a few months, when they reduce their contact with plastics, and switch to natural and chemical free body and personal hygiene products.

” One of every five adults are potentially exposed every day to all of the top seven carcinogenic impurities common to personal care product ingredients — hydroquinone, ethylene dioxide, 1,4-dioxane, formaldehyde, nitrosamines, PAHs, and acrylamide.” Environmental Working Group.

Poor Detoxification Pathways

The liver is considered the main organ of detoxification. It’s job is to bind up or transform toxins into a safer compound that can be efficiently removed from the body. It’s step by step process is finely tuned and requires all the right ingredients for success. Then the gall bladder, colon, kidneys, skin and lungs do the job of removing the packaged toxins from the body.

Unfortunately in today’s world, the workload on the liver, and the organs of elimination is increasing dramatically. There is no longer anywhere in the world that is pure, pristine and toxin free. The water we drink, foods we eat, air we breathe, clothes we wear and products we use to clean ourselves and our homes are potential sources of toxins. Our livers are pre-loaded with toxins to deal with even before we are born, with scientists finding over 200 chemicals in the cord blood of new born babies.

In a nutshell, the detoxification systems of the body are under a lot of strain. If any of the steps in the liver detoxification pathway (as summarised in the image below) are not able to be completed efficiently, chances are your body will recycle these toxins back into your system and tuck them away “safely” in your fatty tissue. In other words, your body has a back up plan. If it can’t remove toxins for any reason, it will do its best to limit their impact on your body. Rather than double handling and leaving the toxins floating around in your blood stream, your body sequesters them into fat, bone, and brain tissue. Unfortunately these stored toxins still have some level of influence while they are trapped in the body. The fatty tissue will slowly release these toxins back in to the blood stream, meaning that fat stores become a constant trickle source of toxins. When fat is broken down during weight loss, the body can once again become overburdened with toxins and affect metabolism, detoxification and hormone systems in a cumulative way. In some cases, the body will do it’s best to minimise this toxin release by preventing a person from burning fat. Cue – difficulty losing weight.

Hormone Detox Pathways

Nutritional Deficiencies

Certain nutrients and vitamins are critical for the production and regulation of hormones. Hormones are predominantly made from cholesterol (steroid hormones); amino acids and proteins (peptide hormones) and fatty acids (eicosanoid hormones). Then there are the micronutrients which are also critical for the production of hormones. Take iodine for example. The body cannot make thyroid hormone, T4 with an absence of iodine or tyrosine. In order to make the active thryoid hormone T3, the body needs zinc, selenium, iron, b6, b1, b2 and others. Vitamin B6, B3, chromium and magnesium are important in the regulation of insulin the hormone which manages our blood sugar levels and body weight. Vitamin B6 , zinc and magnesium are also involved in the regulation of oestrogen and progesterone. In other words we need optimal nutrient levels for optimal hormone and body function!

Just getting your RDA or recommended daily allowance of vitamins and minerals isn’t enough. Nutrient deficiencies can occur due to insufficient intake in the diet, poor absorption or uptake from the diet, loss in body fluids such as blood, sweat and faeces and urine, and also with increased demand such as following trauma, illness or infection. The body will give you a sign when it is lacking certain nutrients. Signs can take a while to show up though and most people don’t know what to look for. Your wholistic health practitioner is trained to identify and monitor nutrient deficiencies and help you to correct this through food, functional foods and sometimes nutritional supplements. Food first where possible!

hormone helpers

Having hormones out of balance or “out of whack” will cause different issues in different people. Some will suffer fatigue, weight gain and hair loss, while others will be moody and get monthly thrush and migraines. There is no cookie cutter approach when it comes to identifying hormonal issues. Your hormone picture and how you experience life is going to be completely different to another person your age, gender and ethnicity.

Find your balance

There are certainly patterns that run in families, and this can be a good place to look for clues on where to start work. Dig deep into your health history looking with “new” eyes on the subject. Has there been prolonged exposure to toxins, either with yourself or through your parents before you were born? Do some research on endocrine disrupting chemicals to see where you can reduce the things that could be impacting your hormone system. Consider past health issues or medications which could have disturbed your hormone system eg severe stress, prolonged illness, medications like the oral contraceptive pill, hormone blockers, IVF medications or chemotherapy. Having a good understanding of your past health can provide a better action plan for your future health and hormone balance.

Restoring communication within the hormone messenger system can be complex, but a rewarding process. Once the layers are uncovered, systems cleaned, pathways cleared, and nutrients restored the body can return to a state of balance. The lines of communication will be open again, the zing will return to your step and you can trust your body to do what it’s supposed to do.

To learn more about how I can help you, book in for your complimentary discovery call.  Book Now.

If you would like some help to create a clear picture with all the pieces of the hormone puzzle you can book your naturopathic consultation here.

anxiety and exercise